Neurological Diagnosis and Treatment for Learning Disabilities

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Clinical Reference Guide:
What We Diagnose, How We Diagnose and Treatment Options

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Adults
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Children
Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorder
Biofeedback
Digital EEG and Evoked Potentials Assessment (DEEP)
Cognitive Guidance for High Achievers
Developmental Coordination Disorder
Learning Disabilities
Speech and Language Disorders
Dyslexia
Physical Therapy

Dyslexia

What is dyslexia?
Dyslexia is a reading disability. It is the most commonly diagnosed learning disability in the United States. Dyslexia is also called developmental reading disorder.
A child with dyslexia reads at a much lower level than average for his or her age, intelligence, and education. The disorder affects how a child does in school and other daily activities.

How does it occur?
Nobody knows what causes dyslexia. It occurs more in some families. Children with other conditions such as fetal alcohol syndrome, fragile X syndrome, and lead poisoning are more likely to have a learning disability such as a reading disorder.
The disorder is not caused by vision problems. In dyslexia the problem is in the way the brain translates symbols into meaningful language.

What are the symptoms?
Symptoms (based on what is average for the child's age, intelligence, and education) include:

  • Guessing words
  • Rotating numbers and letters, such as "9" and "6" or "b" and "d"
  • Changing the order of letters in words
  • Not looking at all the letters in a word
  • Losing the place while reading
  • Forgetting common words learned each day
  • Reading word for word
  • Adding, deleting, or changing words in a sentence
  • Reading slowly
Sometimes children with dyslexia also have problems with speaking, such as mispronouncing words and speaking in incomplete sentences. Research shows that children who start talking later than normal may be more likely to have a reading disorder

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